Nope, there is nothing like that provided by PowerCenter itself. You will have to build this feature yourself.
One potential help for this task is the repository view REP_WFLOW_RUN. Here you can find the last n runtime entries per workflow, which would enable you to identify whether workflow xyz has been run during the current process chain and - if so - whether it succeeded or not.
Details about these so-called Metadata Exchange views on the repository database can be found in the Repository Guide for PowerCenter.